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SNORING CAUSES AND TREATMENT



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In this article, we will discuss snoring- causes and treatment all in a detailed way.
According to a survey, more than 80 percent of the American population is affected by snoring. It is a common sleep problem in the USA.

Snoring occurs mostly at nights. Males are more prone to snoring at nights as compared to females. Although it affects both the genders, females are less likely to snore at nights. However, it affects people of all age group depending upon the underlying condition.  It is less common in younger individuals, but when a person grows older the occurrence and frequency of snoring increases.

What are the causes of snoring?

 To find an appropriate snoring aid or to choose the right strategy for its treatment, we must know what causes snoring. There are several ways or the mechanisms of snoring. You can say the underlying conditions of snoring are many.

The more your throat is floppy and relaxes the more you tend to snore at nights. This happens only when we sleep. There are several other factors too that aggravate this condition.

Whenever we sleep, the muscles of our throat relax and become floppy and narrow. Our tongue goes to the back of our throat. During sleep, as we breathe in air or breathe out, the air vibrates the narrow, floppy throat. Whenever the airway vibrates, it gives rise a peculiar noise, which we call snoring. The more the throat becomes narrow the more vigorously we tend to snore.

In a rare case, the walls of our throat collapse and blocked, preventing the process of breathing. Such, serious condition is known as apnoea. This usually requires emergency medical intervention.

Treatments of snoring:

If snoring does not improve even after lifestyle changes and you have a more severe underlying condition, you should opt for treatment. The doctor will ask you to continue with the remedies such as lifestyle changes.

Moreover, the doctor will suggest you use some snoring aid, treatment, and surgery. Following are the treatment methods of snoring. You may use several snoring aid according to your convenience.

Oral appliances:

The oral appliance is a popular snoring aid used among people. You have to wear this appliance in the night. This will position your tongue, soft palate, and throat in such a way that more air will pass through the air passage. In short, this appliance will widen the airway and help allow smooth flow of air.

If you have decided to use an oral appliance as a snoring aid, you must visit a dentist. The dentist will prepare a suitable oral appliance that can fit well in your mouth. After the installation of the appliance in your mouth, you should visit the dental clinic at regular intervals. You should visit initially once a month and then once in 6 months or as prescribed by the dentist. Visiting the dentist is necessary to check the oral health periodically. Dry mouth, pain in the jaw and excess secretion of saliva are the common side effects you may encounter after using this snoring aid.

CPAP:

CPAP or continuous positive airway pressure is providing your airway continuous supply of pressurized air through a machine. The machine is a pump which will provide your airway with continuous pressure.

You have to cover your nose and mouth with a mask in this method of snoring aid. This snoring aid works great for people having obstructive sleep apnea. However, this snoring aid feels uncomfortable for most of the people.

Surgery for snoring

Various surgical procedures are available to widen the airway and proper flow of air through it. Following are the few procedures:

Somnoplasty:

Somnoplasty is a surgical procedure where the doctor uses radiofrequency energy to tighten the upper airway at the back of the throat. This process is also known as turbinate reduction surgery. Somnoplasty is usually done on patients who have obstructive sleep apnea or chronic nasal congestion.

Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy:

Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy are the procedure carried out in severe cases of snoring issue such as in case of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a medical condition where you stop breathing while in sleep.
Tonsillectomy is the removal of tonsils. Tonsils are glands present in the back side of the throat. These glands help in the fighting infection by producing white blood cells. Adenoid glands are the lymphoid glands situated behind the soft palate in the roof of the mouth. Some time, adenoid glands are also removed through adenoidectomy in this process.

Palate surgery:

Sometime the doctor may ask you to go for palate surgery. This surgery includes removal of soft tissues of the soft palate. This will result in the formation of enough space through the air passage which can effectively prevent snoring.

Hypoglossal nerve stimulation:

The human body consists of different nerves. Different nerves have different functions. There is a nerve in the body that directs the tongue to move forward. Hypoglossal nerve stimulation process involves stimulation of this nerve, thereby preventing backward movement of the tongue. It is well known that the backward movement of the tongue can clog the airway and cause snoring.
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